She was a politician and a feminist. She was born in Granada in 1898 and she died in Fuente Vaqueros (Granada) in 1987.
When she was actively involved in Spanish politcs and then she fought against the Franco regime in hiding.
She was a tireless defender of women’s rights and she was a breaker of the tradicional molds.
Matilde belonged to an affluent family of the bourgeoise of Granada but in 1928 she told her father that she wanted to move to Madrid to work and feel useful for herself and for the society.
In Madrid she works as a prision officer and collaborated with Victoria Kent, who was the director.
In 1938 she was the director of prisons and the director of the Istitute of Penal Studies but after the war she had to go into exile in France. She stayed there two years and then she had to go to Mexico.
Matilde managed to write for the press publishing her articles in the magazine “Population” and “Confidences” directed to women so we can consider her a pioneer in the studies of women and gender.
In fact when she asked for a typewriter to write her articles for the press, people told her that it would be better to ask for a sewing machine.
In 1969 she returned to Granada and she lived there until 1987.
We all know about Federico García Lorca, but what about his sister Isabel García Lorca?
She was born on the 11st of October 1909 in Granada. She was the younger sister of 4 children. At eight years old her parents entrusted her education to Gloria Giner, wife of Fernando de Los Ríos.
Isabel began her University studies in Granada in 1929 and she continued in Madrid between 1932 and 1934. There she studied Philosophy and Literature.
With the Civil War she had to exile, first to Brussels and then to the United States, where she was a teacher at the New Jersey College for woman. She was also a teacher at the Hunter College in New York and later at the Sarah Lawrence College. She returned from exile in 1951, and in 1955 she participated in the creation of the Association of University Women. After the death of Franco, her position as a teacher of Literature at the Prado Bazán Institute in Madrid was renamed.
Since 1984, she was the president of García Lorca Foundation, which manages the legacy of his brother Federico García Lorca.
“Tatabel” better known as Isabelita, the bright girl of Federico, the dear friend of María Zambrano, the lighthouse of the Federico García Lorca Foundation, died in Madrid on the 9th of January 2002.
She died as she liked to live: “with the house full of people, all around”.
Today is the day against the gender violence and I thought I’d dedicate this post to some important Andalusian women.
Mariana de Pineda Muñoz
She was born on the 1st of September, 1804, in Granada.
She was a heroine of freedom. She helped her cousin to escape from prison where he was since 1827 for having participated in liberal conspiracies.
She was denounced for embroidering in a flag “Law, Freedom and Equality” and she was accused of participating in a liberal conspiracy.
In the end, she was sentenced to die in the “garrote vil” fashion on the 26th of May, 1831 in Granada.
Carmen de Burgos y Seguí, Colombine
She was born on the 19th of December, 1867 in Níjar (Almería). She was an activist, a writer, a translator and a defender of woman’s rights.
She got the degree of elementary education in 1895 and that of high education in 1898.
She was considered the first female professional journalist in Spain. She worked as an editor in a newspaper of Madrid (Diario Universal) in 1906.
She died on the 8th of October, 1932 in Madrid.
Victoria Kent Siano
She was born on the 3rd of March, 1892, in Málaga. She was a lawyer, the director general of prisons, a Spanish Republican in politics and a founder of the Feminist Lyceum Club.
She was the first Spanish woman that worked as a lawyer in the court. During the Civil War she had to escape into exile. She went to Paris and she was named First Secretary of the Spanish Embassy in the capital so she could continue taking care of refugee children.
She published works like: “Congreso de Praga” (1921), “Picasso: un destino sideral” and “Cuatro años en París” published in Spain in 1978
She died on the 25th of September, 1987 in New York.
María Zambrano Alarcón
She was born on the 22nd of April, 1904, in Vélez-Málaga. She was a Spanish thinker, a humanist and a philosopher. She studied philosophy at the University of Madrid. For her, philosophy was an event and not just a problem. One of her important topics is the analysis of “poetic reason”.
Important works by María Zambrano are: “Horizonte de liberalismo” (1930), “Filosofía y Poesía” (1939), “Pensamiento y Poesía en la vida española” (1939), “La agonía de Europa” (1945), “El sueño creador” (1965) y “De la aurora” (1986).
She received the Prince of Asturias Award in 1981 and the Cervantes Award in 1988. She died on the 6th of February, 1991, in Madrid.
If you want to know more about her, you can read the post below by MF.
I hope you like the post. If you know about other important Andalusian women you can tell us in comments and we can post it.