Victoria, a Básico 1 (Elementary) student, learned/learnt about eponyms this year, while reading her Course Audiobook(two pages, don’t be chickens!), and decided to find eponyms in Spanish. Here is the work she sent for publication! Thanks, Victoria! Hope you all enjoy it!
Eponyms in Spanish, by Victoria (NB1 B, 2015-16)
I’m going to tell you about four eponyms in Spanish.
AGOSTO (August): AUGUSTUS was the nickname of Emperor Octavian. “Octavo” means ‘8th’, so the month August was given his name because it was the eighth month of the year, AGOSTO.
JUDAS (JUDAS ISCARIOTE): JUDAS was one of the 12 apostles. Judas betrayed Jesus. And now his name is used with the meaning of “Man traitor”. Don’t be a “Judas”!
CÓRDOBA (moneda = currency): Francisco Hernández de CORDOBA was the founder of Nicaragua and now the Nicaraguan currency, córdoba, is named in his memory.
MACEDONIA: MACEDONIA was a historical region in Greece, where there were mixtures of cultures, religions, people… And now it means a mixture, in this case, fruit salad!!, MACEDONIA DE FRUTAS.
Cristina, a Básico 1 student (NB1, 2015-16), wrote this wonderful article about Fuengirola to include an example of an informative article in her Writing File(April 2016). She also took Useful Language from a textbook article on Dublin we read in class.
Fuengirola, the Sunny City, by Cristina (NB1 C, 2015-16)
Fuengirola is a city where you can see the sun most of the year. Because of the sun and the weather there are a lot of tourists.
If you want to visit Fuengirola, you have to know these things:
The train drivers on the sightseeing tour train tell very interesting stories about all the buildings and monuments they go past.
The best tourist attraction is the Biopark, Fuengirola`s zoo, where you can see a thousand animals!!
When you want something to eat, the Plaza Picasso area is the place to go. In general, the food is geat and very good value for money. You can have “tapas”. A “tapa” is a little typical meal you have with your drink, here, on the coast.
You can also go to “chiringuitos”. A “chiringuito” is a beach bar where you can eat fresh fish. (You must try “espetos” – that’s grilled fresh fish!)
If you want to buy fruits or clothes, you can go to the street market in the Fair Grounds (Recinto Ferial).
Sometimes people from other cultures think that Spanish people are not polite because they don’t say “please” and “thank you” as often as other people from other cultures. Politeness and kindness are expressed in different ways on this planet. In Spain, people often use the imperative for asking for something (“Give me this or that”), but their voice, their gestures, their humo(u)r, the famous “diminutivos” (a suffix that makes words “little” in a good way, like “-ita”, “-ito”, “-illo”, “-illa”) when it’s not a sexist use) often express politeness (Thanks, María, for reminding me of diminutives!) So not using “please” doesn’t necessarily mean you are being rude. In Spain, it’s kind, it’s polite to say hello and exchange a few words, even when you are a customer, when you want a good or a service.
On the other hand, Spanish people also have the feeling that some foreigners are not polite. And here are some examples to illustrate why. When at the supermarket, foreigners living here, or spending their holidays here, are incapable of saying “hola” (hello), “dos bolsas, por favor” (two bags, please) or “gracias” (thank you) to the check out person. Even if Spanish-speakers try to speak English it is always kind, or polite, for foreigners to learn a few words at least. It shows you feel some basic respect for your hosts, or at least that is the feeling those hosts might get. Not saying a word in Spanish feels like when you travel abroad and reject food people offer you. Food is culture, and when we travel we need to be flexible and never say no to food that is being offered (unless there is some kind of problem, of course) because it feels as if you rejected the culture itself, its people.