She was a politician and a feminist. She was born in Granada in 1898 and she died in Fuente Vaqueros (Granada) in 1987.
When she was actively involved in Spanish politcs and then she fought against the Franco regime in hiding.
She was a tireless defender of women’s rights and she was a breaker of the tradicional molds.
Matilde belonged to an affluent family of the bourgeoise of Granada but in 1928 she told her father that she wanted to move to Madrid to work and feel useful for herself and for the society.
In Madrid she works as a prision officer and collaborated with Victoria Kent, who was the director.
In 1938 she was the director of prisons and the director of the Istitute of Penal Studies but after the war she had to go into exile in France. She stayed there two years and then she had to go to Mexico.
Matilde managed to write for the press publishing her articles in the magazine “Population” and “Confidences” directed to women so we can consider her a pioneer in the studies of women and gender.
In fact when she asked for a typewriter to write her articles for the press, people told her that it would be better to ask for a sewing machine.
In 1969 she returned to Granada and she lived there until 1987.
We all know about Federico García Lorca, but what about his sister Isabel García Lorca?
She was born on the 11st of October 1909 in Granada. She was the younger sister of 4 children. At eight years old her parents entrusted her education to Gloria Giner, wife of Fernando de Los Ríos.
Isabel began her University studies in Granada in 1929 and she continued in Madrid between 1932 and 1934. There she studied Philosophy and Literature.
With the Civil War she had to exile, first to Brussels and then to the United States, where she was a teacher at the New Jersey College for woman. She was also a teacher at the Hunter College in New York and later at the Sarah Lawrence College. She returned from exile in 1951, and in 1955 she participated in the creation of the Association of University Women. After the death of Franco, her position as a teacher of Literature at the Prado Bazán Institute in Madrid was renamed.
Since 1984, she was the president of García Lorca Foundation, which manages the legacy of his brother Federico García Lorca.
“Tatabel” better known as Isabelita, the bright girl of Federico, the dear friend of María Zambrano, the lighthouse of the Federico García Lorca Foundation, died in Madrid on the 9th of January 2002.
She died as she liked to live: “with the house full of people, all around”.
The cenachero was a fishmonger who in his cenacho o espuerta carried the fresh fish that he sold it on the streets of Málaga.
The cenacho was made by hand with esparto -this is a fiber- and was filled in the beaches of the coast. Normally they sold anchovies, but also jureles, sardines or chanquetes.
There is a bronze sculpture in the square of La Marina in Málaga city. It is a symbol of this city.
As a curiosity, the American city of Mobile in Alabama has a replica of this sculpture. It was donated by Málaga in tribute to the twinning between both cities. It is located in a fountain in the Málaga Square, which is a square dedicated to Spain and where some Spanish flags are flying and where there are “friendship bows” (arcos de la amistad) also donated by Málaga.
This is a traditional way of cooking sea fish in Málaga, most often sardines. Normally people steak the fish in thin and long reeds, to grill with wood in the sand of the beach. You can go to a “chiringuito” -this is a bar situated by the beach- and ask for espetos.
Today is the day against the gender violence and I thought I’d dedicate this post to some important Andalusian women.
Mariana de Pineda Muñoz
She was born on the 1st of September, 1804, in Granada.
She was a heroine of freedom. She helped her cousin to escape from prison where he was since 1827 for having participated in liberal conspiracies.
She was denounced for embroidering in a flag “Law, Freedom and Equality” and she was accused of participating in a liberal conspiracy.
In the end, she was sentenced to die in the “garrote vil” fashion on the 26th of May, 1831 in Granada.
Carmen de Burgos y Seguí, Colombine
She was born on the 19th of December, 1867 in Níjar (Almería). She was an activist, a writer, a translator and a defender of woman’s rights.
She got the degree of elementary education in 1895 and that of high education in 1898.
She was considered the first female professional journalist in Spain. She worked as an editor in a newspaper of Madrid (Diario Universal) in 1906.
She died on the 8th of October, 1932 in Madrid.
Victoria Kent Siano
She was born on the 3rd of March, 1892, in Málaga. She was a lawyer, the director general of prisons, a Spanish Republican in politics and a founder of the Feminist Lyceum Club.
She was the first Spanish woman that worked as a lawyer in the court. During the Civil War she had to escape into exile. She went to Paris and she was named First Secretary of the Spanish Embassy in the capital so she could continue taking care of refugee children.
She published works like: “Congreso de Praga” (1921), “Picasso: un destino sideral” and “Cuatro años en París” published in Spain in 1978
She died on the 25th of September, 1987 in New York.
María Zambrano Alarcón
She was born on the 22nd of April, 1904, in Vélez-Málaga. She was a Spanish thinker, a humanist and a philosopher. She studied philosophy at the University of Madrid. For her, philosophy was an event and not just a problem. One of her important topics is the analysis of “poetic reason”.
Important works by María Zambrano are: “Horizonte de liberalismo” (1930), “Filosofía y Poesía” (1939), “Pensamiento y Poesía en la vida española” (1939), “La agonía de Europa” (1945), “El sueño creador” (1965) y “De la aurora” (1986).
She received the Prince of Asturias Award in 1981 and the Cervantes Award in 1988. She died on the 6th of February, 1991, in Madrid.
If you want to know more about her, you can read the post below by MF.
I hope you like the post. If you know about other important Andalusian women you can tell us in comments and we can post it.
I’m going to speak about these phenomena of the Spanish language in Andalucía.
The seseo: is produced when a person pronounces the sound /Θ/ as /s/. This phenomenon is typical in cities or towns like:
Sevilla city and the north of Sevilla
In most of Córdoba
In Jaén and towns near to Córdoba
In the west of Granada
The ceceo: is produced when a person pronounces the sound /s/ like /Θ/. This phenomenon is typical in cities or towns like:
Most of Cádiz except Cádiz city
In certain parts of Málaga, especially in the parts of the mountain or inland
In the south of Huelva, Sevilla and Granada
As you know the ceceo is less common than the seseo and therefore less accepted. This is why I wanted to write this post, because some people think that this way of speaking is related to people without culture or something like that. And this is not true, because there are people who have studied and they are teachers, lawyers, doctors… They know how to write the words but this is their way to pronounce them. They have been talking all his/her life with this accent as do their friends and family. It would be weird to change this way of speaking.
Another different thing would be that a person moved to another city and after a few years spoke with the accent of that place.
I hope to explain this well -more or less- because I’m a pre-intermediate (Básico 2) English student.
Mari Carmen, a Básico 1 student (NB1, 2015-16), wrote this wonderful article about Fuengirola to include an example of an informative article in her Writing File(April 2016). She also took Useful Language from a textbook article on Dublin we read in class and from her course monologues.
Fuengirola, by Mari Carmen (NB1 C, April 2016)
Fuengirola is a town in the south of Spain. The weather in Fuengirola is really good. It’s nice and sunny most of the year. It’s doesn’t rain much. The air is a little wet. This is good for you skin.
In the summer, there are a lot of people, because of the sea and the weather. The sea is amazing! You can sunbathe, go for a swim and go for a walk on the beach. You can have a drink in a beach bar. If you are here in this season, you must have an ice cream in Tita Fina. They’re delicious.
If you come here with children, you must visit Fantasia Park and Poniente Park. You can also visit Bioparc. It’s Fuengirola’s zoo. You can also go to Fuengirola’s castle. From the top of the tower of the castle you can see all the coast. The views are fantastic!
If you like shopping in street markets, here, there are a lot. On Tuesdays and Saturdays there are street markets in the Recinto Ferial (Fair Grounds). Every second Sunday there is an ecology street market in front of Carrefour (Las Lagunas).
There are a lot of things to enjoy in Fuengirola.
How can you not be happy and friendly with all that?
Victoria, a Básico 1 (Elementary) student, learned/learnt about eponyms this year, while reading her Course Audiobook(two pages, don’t be chickens!), and decided to find eponyms in Spanish. Here is the work she sent for publication! Thanks, Victoria! Hope you all enjoy it!
Eponyms in Spanish, by Victoria (NB1 B, 2015-16)
I’m going to tell you about four eponyms in Spanish.
AGOSTO (August): AUGUSTUS was the nickname of Emperor Octavian. “Octavo” means ‘8th’, so the month August was given his name because it was the eighth month of the year, AGOSTO.
JUDAS (JUDAS ISCARIOTE): JUDAS was one of the 12 apostles. Judas betrayed Jesus. And now his name is used with the meaning of “Man traitor”. Don’t be a “Judas”!
CÓRDOBA (moneda = currency): Francisco Hernández de CORDOBA was the founder of Nicaragua and now the Nicaraguan currency, córdoba, is named in his memory.
MACEDONIA: MACEDONIA was a historical region in Greece, where there were mixtures of cultures, religions, people… And now it means a mixture, in this case, fruit salad!!, MACEDONIA DE FRUTAS.
Cristina, a Básico 1 student (NB1, 2015-16), wrote this wonderful article about Fuengirola to include an example of an informative article in her Writing File(April 2016). She also took Useful Language from a textbook article on Dublin we read in class.
Fuengirola, the Sunny City, by Cristina (NB1 C, 2015-16)
Fuengirola is a city where you can see the sun most of the year. Because of the sun and the weather there are a lot of tourists.
If you want to visit Fuengirola, you have to know these things:
The train drivers on the sightseeing tour train tell very interesting stories about all the buildings and monuments they go past.
The best tourist attraction is the Biopark, Fuengirola`s zoo, where you can see a thousand animals!!
When you want something to eat, the Plaza Picasso area is the place to go. In general, the food is geat and very good value for money. You can have “tapas”. A “tapa” is a little typical meal you have with your drink, here, on the coast.
You can also go to “chiringuitos”. A “chiringuito” is a beach bar where you can eat fresh fish. (You must try “espetos” – that’s grilled fresh fish!)
If you want to buy fruits or clothes, you can go to the street market in the Fair Grounds (Recinto Ferial).