She was a politician and a feminist. She was born in Granada in 1898 and she died in Fuente Vaqueros (Granada) in 1987.
When she was actively involved in Spanish politcs and then she fought against the Franco regime in hiding.
She was a tireless defender of women’s rights and she was a breaker of the tradicional molds.
Matilde belonged to an affluent family of the bourgeoise of Granada but in 1928 she told her father that she wanted to move to Madrid to work and feel useful for herself and for the society.
In Madrid she works as a prision officer and collaborated with Victoria Kent, who was the director.
In 1938 she was the director of prisons and the director of the Istitute of Penal Studies but after the war she had to go into exile in France. She stayed there two years and then she had to go to Mexico.
Matilde managed to write for the press publishing her articles in the magazine “Population” and “Confidences” directed to women so we can consider her a pioneer in the studies of women and gender.
In fact when she asked for a typewriter to write her articles for the press, people told her that it would be better to ask for a sewing machine.
In 1969 she returned to Granada and she lived there until 1987.
Elena Martín Vivaldi was born on the 8th of February 1907. She was the fourth of eight children. His father was a professor of Gynecology. He has liberal ideas and became for few months the first Republican mayor of Granada and President of the Diputacion of Granada. This encourage him to both his children and her daughter to finish their studies. For that reason Elena Martín was one of the few women of her generation with University studies. Elena studied at the Riquelme School, attended High School in Padre Suárez finishing her studies at the University of teaching in Guadix. She obtained a degree in Romantic Philology. Later, she passed the oppositions of Libraries, Archives and Museums and started working in Huelva but in 1948 she returned to Granada requesting the transfer to the library of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in which she would work until her retirement as a Director in 1977.
She has an introverted and quiet character but she was atopic for her time, independent and smoker. She also used to wear troussers and attend literary groups such as “Versos al aire Libre” that were organized in Café Granada, Casa América or Carmen The three Stars.
In 1953 she writes one of her most transcendental books: “The soul awakaned”.
In 1988, at eighty years old, was named Favourite Daughter by the City of Granada. In 1998 she was awarded the Medal of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Granada.
She died in Granada in 1998 at the age of 90.
By express wish of her, her bibliographical collection was transferred to the University of Granada and the documents a autograph manuscriptes of her work were transferred to the Jorge Guillén Foundation.
Despite the greatness of its legacy, neither Granada or Andalucía have been able to give the deserved recognition that Elena Martín Vivaldi deserves.
Here is one of her poems:
Un árbol. Bien. Amarillo de otoño. Y esplendoroso se abre al cielo, codicioso de más luz. Grita su brillo hacia el jardín. Y sencillo, libre, su color derrama frente al azul. Como llama crece, arde, se ilumina su sangre antigua. Domina todo el aire rama a rama.
Todo el aire, rama a rama, se enciende por la amarilla plenitud del árbol. Brilla lo que, sólo azul, se inflama de un fuego de oro: oriflama. No bandera. Alegre fuente de color: Clava ascendente su áureo mástil hacia el cielo. De tantos siglos su anhelo nos alcanza. Luz de oriente.
Amarillo. Aún no imagina el viento, la desbandada de sus hojas, ya apagada su claridad. Se avecina la tarde gris. Ni adivina su soledad, esa tristeza de sus ramas.
Fue certeza, alegría – ¡otoño! – . Faro de abierta luz.
We all know about Federico García Lorca, but what about his sister Isabel García Lorca?
She was born on the 11st of October 1909 in Granada. She was the younger sister of 4 children. At eight years old her parents entrusted her education to Gloria Giner, wife of Fernando de Los Ríos.
Isabel began her University studies in Granada in 1929 and she continued in Madrid between 1932 and 1934. There she studied Philosophy and Literature.
With the Civil War she had to exile, first to Brussels and then to the United States, where she was a teacher at the New Jersey College for woman. She was also a teacher at the Hunter College in New York and later at the Sarah Lawrence College. She returned from exile in 1951, and in 1955 she participated in the creation of the Association of University Women. After the death of Franco, her position as a teacher of Literature at the Prado Bazán Institute in Madrid was renamed.
Since 1984, she was the president of García Lorca Foundation, which manages the legacy of his brother Federico García Lorca.
“Tatabel” better known as Isabelita, the bright girl of Federico, the dear friend of María Zambrano, the lighthouse of the Federico García Lorca Foundation, died in Madrid on the 9th of January 2002.
She died as she liked to live: “with the house full of people, all around”.
She was born on the 21st of September in 1920 in la Zubia, Granada. She was a painter and a sculptor. She became teacher of modeling at the University of Fine Arts of Seville, she an academic at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid and at the Academy of Fine Arts of Granada.
She started her artistic studies at the School of Arts and Crafts in Granada shortly after the Civil War ended in 1939.
Later she went to the school in Madrid, thanks to her income and a scholarship from the city council of her hometown. There she studied painting and discovered her interest for sculpture.
About her style, aesthetics is her main interest — the beauty of the forms and volumes, full of rhythm, proportion and harmony, where the interest for the human figure predominates.
Juan Manuel Miñarro, an Andalusian sculptor, highlights her quality as an artist and as a teacher. The painter and sculptor Ricardo Suárez emphasizes her expressiveness with clay, her stone carving and her great mastery in volumetry.
Her work can be found in the Contemporary Museum of Madrid, Círculo de Bellas Artes, the library of the University of Granada or the Fine Arts Museum of Seville.
She was awarded the Medal of the Circle of Beautiful Arts in Madrid (1949), the National Prize of Sculpture (1951), the Medal’s Honor of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts Santa Isabel of Hungary and the Gold Medal of Granada.
She died on the 19th of October in 2016 in Seville.
The cenachero was a fishmonger who in his cenacho o espuerta carried the fresh fish that he sold it on the streets of Málaga.
The cenacho was made by hand with esparto -this is a fiber- and was filled in the beaches of the coast. Normally they sold anchovies, but also jureles, sardines or chanquetes.
There is a bronze sculpture in the square of La Marina in Málaga city. It is a symbol of this city.
As a curiosity, the American city of Mobile in Alabama has a replica of this sculpture. It was donated by Málaga in tribute to the twinning between both cities. It is located in a fountain in the Málaga Square, which is a square dedicated to Spain and where some Spanish flags are flying and where there are “friendship bows” (arcos de la amistad) also donated by Málaga.