She was a politician and a feminist. She was born in Granada in 1898 and she died in Fuente Vaqueros (Granada) in 1987.
When she was actively involved in Spanish politcs and then she fought against the Franco regime in hiding.
She was a tireless defender of women’s rights and she was a breaker of the tradicional molds.
Matilde belonged to an affluent family of the bourgeoise of Granada but in 1928 she told her father that she wanted to move to Madrid to work and feel useful for herself and for the society.
In Madrid she works as a prision officer and collaborated with Victoria Kent, who was the director.
In 1938 she was the director of prisons and the director of the Istitute of Penal Studies but after the war she had to go into exile in France. She stayed there two years and then she had to go to Mexico.
Matilde managed to write for the press publishing her articles in the magazine “Population” and “Confidences” directed to women so we can consider her a pioneer in the studies of women and gender.
In fact when she asked for a typewriter to write her articles for the press, people told her that it would be better to ask for a sewing machine.
In 1969 she returned to Granada and she lived there until 1987.
Elena Martín Vivaldi was born on the 8th of February 1907. She was the fourth of eight children. His father was a professor of Gynecology. He has liberal ideas and became for few months the first Republican mayor of Granada and President of the Diputacion of Granada. This encourage him to both his children and her daughter to finish their studies. For that reason Elena Martín was one of the few women of her generation with University studies. Elena studied at the Riquelme School, attended High School in Padre Suárez finishing her studies at the University of teaching in Guadix. She obtained a degree in Romantic Philology. Later, she passed the oppositions of Libraries, Archives and Museums and started working in Huelva but in 1948 she returned to Granada requesting the transfer to the library of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in which she would work until her retirement as a Director in 1977.
She has an introverted and quiet character but she was atopic for her time, independent and smoker. She also used to wear troussers and attend literary groups such as “Versos al aire Libre” that were organized in Café Granada, Casa América or Carmen The three Stars.
In 1953 she writes one of her most transcendental books: “The soul awakaned”.
In 1988, at eighty years old, was named Favourite Daughter by the City of Granada. In 1998 she was awarded the Medal of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Granada.
She died in Granada in 1998 at the age of 90.
By express wish of her, her bibliographical collection was transferred to the University of Granada and the documents a autograph manuscriptes of her work were transferred to the Jorge Guillén Foundation.
Despite the greatness of its legacy, neither Granada or Andalucía have been able to give the deserved recognition that Elena Martín Vivaldi deserves.
Here is one of her poems:
Un árbol. Bien. Amarillo de otoño. Y esplendoroso se abre al cielo, codicioso de más luz. Grita su brillo hacia el jardín. Y sencillo, libre, su color derrama frente al azul. Como llama crece, arde, se ilumina su sangre antigua. Domina todo el aire rama a rama.
Todo el aire, rama a rama, se enciende por la amarilla plenitud del árbol. Brilla lo que, sólo azul, se inflama de un fuego de oro: oriflama. No bandera. Alegre fuente de color: Clava ascendente su áureo mástil hacia el cielo. De tantos siglos su anhelo nos alcanza. Luz de oriente.
Amarillo. Aún no imagina el viento, la desbandada de sus hojas, ya apagada su claridad. Se avecina la tarde gris. Ni adivina su soledad, esa tristeza de sus ramas.
Fue certeza, alegría – ¡otoño! – . Faro de abierta luz.
We all know about Federico García Lorca, but what about his sister Isabel García Lorca?
She was born on the 11st of October 1909 in Granada. She was the younger sister of 4 children. At eight years old her parents entrusted her education to Gloria Giner, wife of Fernando de Los Ríos.
Isabel began her University studies in Granada in 1929 and she continued in Madrid between 1932 and 1934. There she studied Philosophy and Literature.
With the Civil War she had to exile, first to Brussels and then to the United States, where she was a teacher at the New Jersey College for woman. She was also a teacher at the Hunter College in New York and later at the Sarah Lawrence College. She returned from exile in 1951, and in 1955 she participated in the creation of the Association of University Women. After the death of Franco, her position as a teacher of Literature at the Prado Bazán Institute in Madrid was renamed.
Since 1984, she was the president of García Lorca Foundation, which manages the legacy of his brother Federico García Lorca.
“Tatabel” better known as Isabelita, the bright girl of Federico, the dear friend of María Zambrano, the lighthouse of the Federico García Lorca Foundation, died in Madrid on the 9th of January 2002.
She died as she liked to live: “with the house full of people, all around”.
She was born on the 21st of September in 1920 in la Zubia, Granada. She was a painter and a sculptor. She became teacher of modeling at the University of Fine Arts of Seville, she an academic at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid and at the Academy of Fine Arts of Granada.
She started her artistic studies at the School of Arts and Crafts in Granada shortly after the Civil War ended in 1939.
Later she went to the school in Madrid, thanks to her income and a scholarship from the city council of her hometown. There she studied painting and discovered her interest for sculpture.
About her style, aesthetics is her main interest — the beauty of the forms and volumes, full of rhythm, proportion and harmony, where the interest for the human figure predominates.
Juan Manuel Miñarro, an Andalusian sculptor, highlights her quality as an artist and as a teacher. The painter and sculptor Ricardo Suárez emphasizes her expressiveness with clay, her stone carving and her great mastery in volumetry.
Her work can be found in the Contemporary Museum of Madrid, Círculo de Bellas Artes, the library of the University of Granada or the Fine Arts Museum of Seville.
She was awarded the Medal of the Circle of Beautiful Arts in Madrid (1949), the National Prize of Sculpture (1951), the Medal’s Honor of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts Santa Isabel of Hungary and the Gold Medal of Granada.
She died on the 19th of October in 2016 in Seville.
Today is the day against the gender violence and I thought I’d dedicate this post to some important Andalusian women.
Mariana de Pineda Muñoz
She was born on the 1st of September, 1804, in Granada.
She was a heroine of freedom. She helped her cousin to escape from prison where he was since 1827 for having participated in liberal conspiracies.
She was denounced for embroidering in a flag “Law, Freedom and Equality” and she was accused of participating in a liberal conspiracy.
In the end, she was sentenced to die in the “garrote vil” fashion on the 26th of May, 1831 in Granada.
Carmen de Burgos y Seguí, Colombine
She was born on the 19th of December, 1867 in Níjar (Almería). She was an activist, a writer, a translator and a defender of woman’s rights.
She got the degree of elementary education in 1895 and that of high education in 1898.
She was considered the first female professional journalist in Spain. She worked as an editor in a newspaper of Madrid (Diario Universal) in 1906.
She died on the 8th of October, 1932 in Madrid.
Victoria Kent Siano
She was born on the 3rd of March, 1892, in Málaga. She was a lawyer, the director general of prisons, a Spanish Republican in politics and a founder of the Feminist Lyceum Club.
She was the first Spanish woman that worked as a lawyer in the court. During the Civil War she had to escape into exile. She went to Paris and she was named First Secretary of the Spanish Embassy in the capital so she could continue taking care of refugee children.
She published works like: “Congreso de Praga” (1921), “Picasso: un destino sideral” and “Cuatro años en París” published in Spain in 1978
She died on the 25th of September, 1987 in New York.
María Zambrano Alarcón
She was born on the 22nd of April, 1904, in Vélez-Málaga. She was a Spanish thinker, a humanist and a philosopher. She studied philosophy at the University of Madrid. For her, philosophy was an event and not just a problem. One of her important topics is the analysis of “poetic reason”.
Important works by María Zambrano are: “Horizonte de liberalismo” (1930), “Filosofía y Poesía” (1939), “Pensamiento y Poesía en la vida española” (1939), “La agonía de Europa” (1945), “El sueño creador” (1965) y “De la aurora” (1986).
She received the Prince of Asturias Award in 1981 and the Cervantes Award in 1988. She died on the 6th of February, 1991, in Madrid.
If you want to know more about her, you can read the post below by MF.
I hope you like the post. If you know about other important Andalusian women you can tell us in comments and we can post it.
Antonio Gala’s Foundation launches its annual grant edition (Source)
(Antonio Gala is a Spanish writer.)
“Live for working rather than working for a living” is the motto of the annual grant edition of Antonio Gala’s Foundation for young talents
18 scholarships have been announced for the present edition. They will include accommodation and meals for creators aged between eighteen and twenty-five. Within the foundation, young people work without teachers. They receive visits from established artists who share their experiences. The aim is to enrich one another with the others disciplines. This creative coexistence is what Antonio Gala defined as “crossed-fertilization”: Young people gather at the end of the day to share progress, concerns, experiences and enrich the writer with the musician, the musician with the sculptor, the painter with the sculptor and so on.
The ultimate goal is to provide these young talents -each in their respective discipline: fiction, poetry, theater, music composition, painting, sculpture …-, with the development of a creative project during the academic year 2016-2017. As a novelty, the Foundation has announced an extraordinary grant for researching on a specific aspect of Antonio Gala work and personality.
The scholarship includes a stay at the headquarters of the Foundation from October 2016 until June 2017, in Cordoba, Spain. There will be holidays during two weeks at Christmas period (December-January) and Easter. Accommodation, meals, as well as the material and the necessary spaces for residents to develop their creative work, will be provided by the organizers.
Applicants from Spain may send their documentation in print -except that which by its nature requires other support-, to the address: “Call for applicants from Antonio Gala Foundation for Young Creators 2016-2017” , C / Ambrosio Morales, No. 20. 14003 Córdoba.
Those from another countries can be made in the same way, or by submitting all documentation in PDF to “email@example.com” email.
The deadline for submitting applications wil be the 31st March2016.
The final list of selected candidates will be posted on the web page www.fundacionantoniogala.org throughout the month of June 2016.
Further information, any questions or concerns will be attended at (+34) 957 487 395 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
I’m going to speak about these phenomena of the Spanish language in Andalucía.
The seseo: is produced when a person pronounces the sound /Θ/ as /s/. This phenomenon is typical in cities or towns like:
Sevilla city and the north of Sevilla
In most of Córdoba
In Jaén and towns near to Córdoba
In the west of Granada
The ceceo: is produced when a person pronounces the sound /s/ like /Θ/. This phenomenon is typical in cities or towns like:
Most of Cádiz except Cádiz city
In certain parts of Málaga, especially in the parts of the mountain or inland
In the south of Huelva, Sevilla and Granada
As you know the ceceo is less common than the seseo and therefore less accepted. This is why I wanted to write this post, because some people think that this way of speaking is related to people without culture or something like that. And this is not true, because there are people who have studied and they are teachers, lawyers, doctors… They know how to write the words but this is their way to pronounce them. They have been talking all his/her life with this accent as do their friends and family. It would be weird to change this way of speaking.
Another different thing would be that a person moved to another city and after a few years spoke with the accent of that place.
I hope to explain this well -more or less- because I’m a pre-intermediate (Básico 2) English student.
This exercise was designed at EOI Fuengirola for the June 2015 final Básico 1 exam (Elementary) – Part 1: Reading Test. It is dedicated to a Spanish woman philosopher (cross-curricular topic – Coeducación: Desarrollando inteligencia feminista)
You can download here the 2 pdf pages with the exercise & the key or do it online…
Reading Comprehension. Task 1. Questions on a text
Read the text quickly, just to get a general idea (skimming). Next read the questions and underline words that help. After that, read the text carefully (scanning) and choose the best answer. Finally, go through your answers.
María Zambrano Alarcón (22 April 1904, Vélez-Málaga – 6 February 1991, Madrid) was a Spanish essayist and philosopher associated with the Generation of ’36 movement.
In 1907 her family moved to Jaén and then Segovia. Later María Zambrano moved to Madrid to study Philosophy at university. One of her teachers was the essayist and philosopher José Ortega y Gasset. She was politically active during these years.
In 1936 she became a teacher of Metaphysics at Madrid University and she married Alfonso Rodriguez Aldave, who worked at the Spanish Embassy in Santiago, Chile. At the end of the Civil War, she had to go into exile for her own security. She found a job as a professor at the University of Morelea in Mexico. After living in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Italy, France and Switzerland, Zambrano finally returned to Madrid, Spain in 1984.
Highly respected by artists and intellectuals, among her friends were writers Rafael Alberti, Miguel Hernández, Jorge Guillén, Pedro Salinas, José Bergamín, Luis Cernuda, and painter Maruja Mallo. Miguel Hernández and María Zambrano went for walks to the Manzanares river in Madrid, to talk about life and love.
Among her books, you can find, Filosofia y poesía (Philosophy and Poetry) (1940), La agonía de Europa (The Agony of Europe) (1945), Persona y democracia (Person and Democracy) (1959), Claros del bosque (1977), or Delirio y destino (written in 1953; published in 1989), translated by Delirium and Destiny: A Spaniard in Her Twenties and published in 1999.
A slow process of recognition of her work started in Spain in 1966 when J. L. Aranguren wrote his article “Los sueños de María Zambrano” (María Zambrano’s Dreams) and got it published in a very important cultural and scientific magazine, Revista de Occidente, founded by Ortega y Gasset. In 1981 she was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Communications and Humanities in its first edition, and in 1983 Malaga University named her Doctor honoris causa. In 1988 she became the first woman to be awarded the Miguel de Cervantes Prize. María querida (Dearest Maria), a film directed by José Luis García Sánchez in 2004, is about her life. In December 2007, when the Málaga-Madrid high speed railway line was opened, the railway company RENFE renamed Málaga Railway Station “María Zambrano”.
Choose the best answer, according to the text.
When was María Zambrano’s birthday?
Her birthday was on the 22nd of April
Her birthday was on the 22nd of April, 1904
Her birthday was in 22 April
In this biography, what information do we get about Zambrano’s marital status?
She was single
She was married
It doesn’t say
Why did she travel abroad? (according to the text)
Because she was an adventurer
Because she loved travelling
Because she went into exile
What did María Zambrano do (for a living)?
She didn’t need to work
She was a teacher
She was a writer
In which award was she the first woman?
“Los sueños de María Zambrano” (María Zambrano’s Dreams)
Today some of us met to celebrate a New House gathering (the first gathering in two years in our hosts’ house), and some foreign residents started shouting at midnight sharp: “Be quiet, please!! We want to sleep!!”. I’d like to communicate some ideas that might help foreign residents who exhibit a lack of knowledge of the culture here think twice before behaving so rudely.
Cultural tips for foreigners living in Costa del Sol
Foreigners living in Costa del Sol seem to have devoted little time to their education, which shows in their lack of appreciation and interest in the culture of the country they live in.
When a Spanish neighbor has guests, and they are celebrating something, and you want them to be silent, don’t be rude and shout you please want to sleep, particularly if your neighbor doesn’t usually have guests. What Spanish people do, to avoid being rude to their neighbours’ guests, is call the hosts and tell them about the problem you have (not being able to sleep because they are having a party). The hosts reply might be: “Sorry for the noise, but we’ve organized this for Saturday night, and we’re celebrating something important, so please, be patient”. Or “OK, sorry. We’ll make less noise.” When the reason for wanting to sleep is an important exam, or a pressing situation, the hosts will probably say, “OK, sorry, we’ll tell people to leave now”. It would be a conversation, communicating – not You informing them and they doing what you want them to do.
Making your neighbors’ guests feel unwelcome is one of the rudest things you can do. It’s aggressive. So the approach is not about Your Rights. The approach is about tolerance, being good neighbors and learning to live together.
Mediterranean cultures are different to cultures in colder countries, and people from colder countries need to learn a bit about the culture of the country where they live, when it’s different to theirs – because the world can be seen and explained in many different ways, as cultural diversity in this planet shows.
So when people live abroad, learning the language is recommended because it helps to learn about the culture, and talk to and respect or even appreciate local people.
Let’s hope this posts helps foreign residents learn something that might help them consider that perhaps their alarm about Spaniards when Spaniards don’t behave like foreigners might just be a misperception due to their ignorance of what is happening and how to intervene in a civilized manner, culturally respectful, and not their idea that it’s Spanish people who are uncivilized and need foreigners’ reprimands.